Prevention and/or mitigation of natural disasters are prime objectives for guaranteeing sustainable development in mountain regions. Increases in population, land use, and tourist development gradually lead to expansion into previously unsettled mountainous regions, and thus, a higher proximity to potentially adverse natural processes. This increase in the number of elements of risk will increase the risk from Extremely Rapid Mass Movements without any concurrent change in environmental boundary conditions, which additionally may affect causes, triggers, magnitude or frequency of such processes. Additional effects due to climatic change may further affect these controls.

The scientific novelty of the IRASMOS approach is that it integrates risk evolution and process superposition to address the feasibility of a comprehensive risk management solution. Decision support with respect to evaluating the geomorphic hazard from single processes is surely but the stepping-stone for a comprehensive risk-assessment framework. The proposed project thus attempts to go beyond



such partial risk solutions. In its design it gives equal attention to prevention, intervention, and recovery. This holistic approach within a risk cycle has rarely been dealt with in a scientific sense. Though it promises to be most useful to decision makers and the involved public, since it is not solely technically based.

Risk Cycle:


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